Giovanni Antonio Canal
"Canaletto"

1697-1768 Italy-Baroque/Rococco

 

Brief Biography-Born in Venice Canaletto was the son of a theatrical scene artist. It would have been through his father he gained an exceptional eye for perspective. They worked together on various scene sets for operas in Venice and in Rome in 1720. It was after doing this work he decided to paint city views rather than the conventional religious path of so many artists of the time. He was impressed by the work of the artist Luca Carlevaris who painted Venetian sights. Hence Canaletto embarked on doing what he loved most which was painting the city of Venice exactly as it was to him including rundown areas. He quickly received many commissions and was able to charge what he wanted for his work. In 1726 an Irishman named Owen McSwiney who was an impresario came up with the idea of producing paintings for the English nobility on their Grand Tours. Joseph Smith the British consul in Venice went into the business of exporting the paintings to England. Horace Walpole named Smith the 'Merchant of Venice'. He also collected Canaletto's paintings and drawings for himself which he sold in 1762 to George III. With the help of his nephew Bernardo Bellotto who followed in Canaletto's path as a painter of views, Canaletto produced a bountiful amount of paintings. When the war of Austrian Succession began his commissions subsided due to fewer travelers from England. In 1746 he closed his studio and went to England where he spent the next ten years. He enjoyed commissions painting the Thames and grand country houses. Towards the end of his stay his popularity waned and he returned to Venice in 1756. He spent the remainder of his life in Venice mostly doing small pictures for tourists. He received a couple of small honours during this period, however his work was never truly appreciated by the Venetians of the time. He died in 1768 leaving very few possessions behind.

 

 

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Ranalagh
The Rotonda

Ranalagh The Rotonda

Stone Mason's
Yard

Stone Mason's Yard

Thames and
London City

Thames and London City

Doge
Visiting-

doge visiting

The
Grand Canal

The Grand Canal

Horses of
San Marco

The Horses of San Marco

Walton
Bridge

Walton Bridge

Whitehall and
Privy Garden

Whitehall and Privy Garden

a view of the old
horse guards

a view of the old horse guards and banqueting hall whitehall seen from saint james park

Bacino di
San Marco

Bacino di San Marco

Piazza
San Marco

Piazza San Marco

The Molo
looking West

The Molo Looking West

Grand Canal at
the Salute Church

Grand Canal at the Salute Church

Ducal
Palace

Ducal Palace

The
Arsenal

Entrance to the Arsenal

From
Palazo Balbi

Northeast from Palazo Balbi

Westminster
Abbey

Westminster Abbey

The
Molo

The Molo

Island in
the Lagoon

Island in the Lagoon

Scala
dei Giganti

Scala dei Giganti

Grand
Canal

Grand Canal and the Church of the Salute

Eton
College Chapel

Eton College Chapel

NE Toward
the Rialto

North-East toward the Rialto

View
with Portico

View with Portico

Northumberland
House

Northumberland House


Regatta

Regatta on the Grand Canal

The
Piazzetta

The Piazzetta

Rio
dei Mendicanti

Rio dei Mendicanti

Ruins
of the Forum

Ruins of the Forum

San
Marco Square

San Marco Square

Ruins and
Porta Portello

Ruins and Porta Portello

The
Bucentoro

Return of the Bucentoro to the Molo on Ascension Day

Capriccio
River

Capriccio River Landscape

Santi
Giovanni-

Santi Giovanni e Paolo

Upper
Reaches

Upper Reaches

Westminster
Bridge

Westminster Bridge

Classical
Ruins

Capriccio with Classical Ruins

Punta Della
Dogana

Punta Della Dogana

Warwick
Castle

Warwick Castle

Rialto
Bridge

Rialto Bridge