Paul Cézanne

1839-1906 France-Impressionism

 

Brief Biography-Paul Cezanne was from Aix-en-Provence near Marseilles. His father was the proprietor of the towns' only bank; he was originally a successful hat seller. In 1839 Paul attended boarding school where he met his good friend Emile Zola the future author, they later fell out over Zola's novel which depicted a failed artist not dissimilar to Cezanne. He took drawing lessons at the local academy but was restricted in his art studies as his domineering father disliked art. He was made to study law; however in 1861 his family reluctantly allowed him to go to Paris on an allowance. At first he despaired with his work tearing up paintings and returned home to work in his father's bank. In 1862 he made another attempt to succeed in Paris but endured continuous rejection. He disliked notable artists of the time and was famously rude to Manet on one occasion by refusing to shake his hand. He was regarded as an eccentric by most who knew him; however his talent was recognized by some artists including Renoir. In 1869 he met Hortense Fiquet and their subsequent relationship lifted his spirits considerably. He moved in 1870 to a village near Marseille to escape conscription for the war with Prussia, there he concentrated on doing landscapes. In 1872 Hortense had his son but Paul kept it secret from his family, as he was afraid of his father. He later moved near Paris where he became closely associated with Pissarro, they worked together and Pissarro introduced him to styles of impressionism. Nevertheless he was largely unsuccessful in the art world for most of his life. It wasn't until 1895 that the art dealer Ambroise Vollard took an interest in is work and arranged a show in Paris; Ambroise bought all of his paintings two years later. He moved to Aix in 1889 and had a studio built on a nearby hill. In 1906 on his journey walking to his studio he was caught in bad weather and collapsed, he died of pneumonia the following week.

 

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Boy in a Red
Waistcoat

Boy in a Red Waistcoat

A Modern
Olympia

A Modern Olympia

Achille
Emperaire

Achille Emperaire

Cezanne's
Son

Cezanne's Son

Cezanne's
Farther

Cezanne's Farther

the
Harlequin

Harlequin


Cezanne

Cezanne


Afternoon

Afternoon in Naples The Rum Punch

lake at
Annecy

Lake at Annecy

Boy with
Red Vest

Boy with Red Vest


Aquaduct

Aquaduct and Lock


Avenue

Avenue in Jas de Bouffan

Monte S
Victoire

Monte Sainte Victoire

The Great
Bathers

The Great Bathers


Bather

Bather

Le Chateau
Noir

Le Chateau Noir

The Great
Pine

The Great Pine


Carnival

Carnival

Card
Players

Card Players

Chateau
at Medan

Chateau at Medan

Chestnut
Trees

Chestnut Trees and Farm Buildings of JAS de Bouffan

Chestnut
Trees

Chestnut Trees

Gustave
Geffroy

Gustave Geffroy

Chateau
Noir

Chateau Noir

House
and Tree

House and Tree

-on the way to
Chateau Noir

House on the way to the Chateau Noir

Homestead in
Normandy

Homestead in Normandy

Jas de
Bouffan

Jas de Bouffan

Judgement of
Paris

Judgement of Paris

Madame
Cezanne

Madame Cezanne in the Conservatory

Mont
Sainte-Victoire

Mont Sainte-Victoire

Paul Alexis reading
to Emile Zola

Paul Alexis reading to Emile Zola

Uncle
Dominique

Portrait of Uncle Dominique

Pyramid
of Skulls

Pyramid of Skulls

Quarry
of Bibemus

Quarry of Bibemus

Red
Roofs

Red Roofs


Still Life

Still Life Drapery Pitcher and Fruit Bowl


Still Life

Still Life with a Curtain


Still Life

Still life with Apples Servettes and a Milkcan


Still Life

Still life with Open Drawer

Still life
with Putto

Still life with Putto

The Africans
Scipio

The Africans Scipio

The Basket
of Apples

The Basket of Apples

The
Bathers

The Bathers

The Bay of
Marseille

The Bay of Marseille

Black Marble
Clock

The Black Marble Clock

The Card
Players

The Card Players

Cracked
Walls

The House with Cracked Walls

The
Millstone

The Millstone

The
Orgy

The Orgy

The
Pond

The Pond

The
Railway Cut

The Railway Cut

The
Roofs

The Roofs

Bathing
Women

Three Bathing Women

Victor
Chocquet

Victor Chocquet

Woman
in a Hat

Woman in a Green Hat

madame cezanne
in a red armchair

madame cezanne in a red armchair