Gustave Courbet

1819-1877 France-Realism

 

Brief Biography-Jean Desire Gustave Courbet was brought up on a farm in Ornans in France. He first took art lessons when he was fourteen and at the age of eighteen he studied at the Academy in the town of Besancon. When he was twenty he moved to Paris. For the first ten years in Paris he struggled to survive depending solely on family support. In 1847 his mistress Virginie Binet bore him a son. In 1848 a Dutch dealer brought him to Holland and commissioned work from him. Back in Paris he became involved with a semi political group who frequented the Brasserie Andler near his studio which was nicknamed the 'Temple of Realism', this was where the term Realism was first muted as style of art. Courbet sided with the insurrection in 1848 and when the Salon reopened he had a number of his works exhibited. In 1855 he staged a private exhibition under 'Realism' alongside official displays at the World Exhibition which had rejected his paintings. His work came under a good deal of criticism in Paris because of his depictions of peasant scenes which were conceived by some as political statements. He traveled to Frankfurt where he was treated with great respect and was given a studio. He went to Trouville where he met James Whistler and did wel,l painting portraits and seascapes. He painted with Monet in Etretat and exhibited in various European countries. In 1869 he was awarded a gold medal form Leopold II of Belgium and the Order of Saint Michael from Ludwig II of Bavaria. In 1870 he turned down the Legion of Honor because he saw it as state interference in art. When the government fell, he was made a member of the Commune and Councilor. When the Commune failed he was arrested and given six months in prison with a 500 francs fine in 1871. During these years his son died and his health failed. He fled to the Jura Mountains in Switzerland which was near his homeland. He lived in La Tour de Peilz where he drank a lot,s but he continued to paint. In 1877 he contracted dropsy and died. His remains were finally buried in Ornans in 1919.

 

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The Trellis

The Trellis

Bonjour

Bonjour Monsieur Courbet

The Sleeping Spinner

The Sleeping Spinner

The Winnowers

The Winnowers

The Sleepers

The Sleepers

Young Ladies

Young Ladies on the banks of the Sein

Cliffs at Etretat

Cliffs at Etretat After the Storm

self portrait

self portrait

the bathers

the bathers

The Wave

The Wave

Studio of the Painter

Studio of the Painter

Deligence

The Deligence in the Snow

Woman in the Waves

Woman in the waves

Chateau de Chillon

Chateau xde Chillon

The Stone Breakers

The Stone Breakers

The Hunt Breakfast

The Hunt Breakfast

Young Women

Young Women from the Village

Burial at Ornans

Burial at Ornans

Juliette Courbet

Juliette Courbet

Afternoon at Ornans

Afternoon at Ornans

Zelie Courbet

Zelie Courbet

The Waves

The Waves

Farmers of Flagey

Farmers of Flagey on the Return From the Market

Joanna-Jo-Heffernan

Joanna-Jo-Heffernan

Paul Verlaine

Paul Verlaine

Pierre-Proudhon

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and his Children

Reclining

Reclining

Source of a Stream

Source of a Mountain Stream

The Torrent

Stream in the Jura Mountains The Torrent

The Castle of Blonay

The Castle of Blonay

White Stockings

The Gorges

The Gorges of the Saillon

Rock of Ten Hours

The Rock of Ten Hours

The Source

The Source

Countess Karoly

Countess Karoly]

Firemen Running

Firemen running to a fire

The Quary

The Quary

Landscape

Landscape

The Kill

The Kill

The Desperate Man

The Desperate Man Self-portrait