Jacques-Louis David

1748-1825 France Neo-Classical

 

Brief Biography-Jacques Louis David was from Paris, his father who was an ironmonger died in a duel in 1757 which had an effect on David's temperament. His mother had him training as an architect which was his uncle's profession, but in 1765 he decided he wanted to be a painter. He was closely associated with his distant cousin Francois Boucher who had him trained by the artist Joseph Marie Vien. In 1771 when he submitted paintings to the Academy for the Prix de Rome and was rejected for the second time he tried to commit suicide by starving himself to death. He won the prize eventually in 1774. In 1775, he travelled to Rome where he spent the next five years. He was inspired by several artist's work he encountered there, particularly that of Raphael. Back in Paris in 1781 he took on pupils, notably Antoine Jean Gros whom he mentored. In 1782, he inherited a large dowry when he married Charlotte Pecoul and was enjoying success with his paintings. After the French revolution in 1789 he became politically active in favour of the revolution. In 1792, he joined the National Convention and served on the Committee of General Security using his paintings as propaganda. In 1793, he had the French Academy dissolved and replaced with the Republican Society of the Arts. He also voted for the death of the King. His wife who was a royalist divorced him in 1794. David was arrested that year for his support of the revolutionary leader Robespierre who had been betrayed by the people, and was sent to jail for six months. His wife pleaded for his release and they were remarried in 1796. He subsequently withdrew from politics and concentrated on his paintings. In 1799 Napoleon ceased power and made David his "Premier Pentre." When Napoleon abdicated in 1815 David was once again in danger as he had signed a petition stating he would be an enemy of the state if Napoleon was no longer in power. He went into exile in Brussels. Romantics like Gericault and Delacroix now held sway at the salon in Paris leaving David in the past. In 1824, he was knocked down by a cab in Brussels and died the following year due to injuries. He was buried in Brussels.

 

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Death of Marat

Death of Marat

Marq- de Pastoret

Marquise de Pastoret

at the Pass

Napoleon at the Pass of Saint Bernard

Napoleon

Napoleon in his Study

Mars and Minerva

Combat of Mars and Minerva

The Oath of Horatio

The Oath of Horatio

Consecration

Consecration of the emperor Napoloen

Death of Socrates

The Death of Socrates

Christ on the Cross

Christ on the Cross

Antiochus

Antiochus and Stratonica

Andromache

Andromache Mourning Hector

Belisarious

Belisarious Receiving Alms

Cupid and Psyche

Cupid and Phycse

Comte deTurenne

Comte deTurenne

Comtesse Vilain

Comtesse Vilain the Thirteenth and her Daughter

Emmanuel Sieyes

Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes

The Sabine Women

Intervention of the Sabine Woman

Mars and Venus

Mars and Venus

Jean Ingres

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres

Hector

Hector

Leonidas

Leonidas at Thermopylae

Madame Seriziat

Madame Emilie Seriziat and her Son

Madame Recamier

Madame Recamier

Marguerite David

Marguerite-Charlotte David

Marie-F Buron

Marie-Francoise Buron

Monsieur Lavoisier

Monsieur Lavoisier and His Wife

Patroclus

Patroclus

Philippe-de Joubert

Philippe-Laurent de Joubert

Pierre Seriziat

Pierre Seriziat

Pope Pius VII

Pope Pius the Seventh

Saint Roch

Saint Roch Asking the Virgin Mary to Heal Victims of the Plague

Self-portrait

Self-portrait

Stanislaw Potocki

Stanislaw Kostka Potocki

The Farewell

The Farewell of Telemachus and Eucharis

The Death of Seneca

The Death of Seneca

Zenaide -

The Sisters Zenaide and Charlotte Bonaparte

The Lictors Bring-

The Lictors Bring to Brutus the Bodies of His Sons

Helen and Paris-

The Love of Helen and Paris detail