Albrecht Dürer

1471-1528 Germany-Northern Renaissance

 

Brief Biography-Albrecht Dürer was notably the most renowned Northern Renaissance artist. He worked with watercolours, woodcuts and engravings, painting animals, plants and religious scenes. He was mostly inspired by Venetian art. He was from Nuremberg and was the third of eighteen children. He first trained for three years as a goldsmith, which was his fathers' profession, however his heart was in art. His father reluctantly let him do three years' apprenticeship art with the artist Michael Wolgemut in Nuremberg. He later spent time in Colmar in Alsace learning the techniques of engraving and went on to Basel and Strasbourg doing woodcut illustrations. He had an arranged marriage by his father in Nuremburg in 1494, after a few months he left for Italy. He did watercolours of the Alps on his journey. When he arrived in Venice he learned the skills of Venetian artists and was strongly influenced by the work of Andrea Mantegna. He returned to Nuremburg after a year and made a living from his engravings and woodcuts. Within a few years, he received commissions from aristocrats and burghers including the Elector of Saxony, Fredrick the Wise. In 1505 he returned to Venice, he had become well established as an artist in Italy. On this visit, he was mostly impressed by Giovanni Bellini who visited him when Bellini was eighty years old. He was offered two hundred ducats a year to stay in Venice, although he enjoyed Venice he decided to go back to Nuremberg. In 1512, he received commissions from the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I. He was made an honorary citizen of the Great Council of Nuremberg, and was given an annuity of one hundred florins for life. He went through a dark period with his work when his mother died in 1514 and he was also unable to manage his finances well. In 1517, he became interested in Martin Luther's writings which lifted his spirits somewhat. His annuity was cut when Maximillian I died and he undertook a long journey north to have it reinstated. On his journey he collected artefacts which absorbed most of his budget however he had his annuity renewed by the new Emperor, Charles V in Koln. When he got back to Nuremberg Luther had been arrested and there was unrest. His friends and associates had been banished for heresy, and the beginning of the Peasant' war of 1535 was mounting. Dürer spent his last years writing his family chronicles and works on subjects such as perspective. He died in 1528 from a fever he caught while on his travels north.

 

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Adoration of
the Magi

Adoration of the Magi

Twelve-year-old
Jesus

Twelve-year-old Jesus among the Scribes

The Adoration of
the Trinity

The Adoration of the Trinity

Self-
portrait

Self-portrait

Dürer Self-
portrait

Self Portrait

Large Piece
of Turf

Large piece of turf

The
Hare

Hare

Four
Apostles

Four apostles

Four
Apostles

Four Apostles

Feast of the
Rose Garlands

Feast of the Rose Garlands

Elsbeth
Tucher

Elsbeth Tucher

virgin with
the pear

virgin with the pear

Martydom of Ten Thousand

Martyrdom of Ten Thousand

Detail
1

Detail One

Detail
2

Detail Two

Detail
3

Detail 3

Melancholia
One

Melancholia One

the knight death
and the devil

the knight death and the devil

the architect
girolamo tedesco

the architect girolamo tedesco

Self-portrait
at Thirteen

Self-portrait at Thirteen

Harowing
of Hell

Harrowing of hell

Saint
Jerome

Saint Jerome in his Study

The Praying
Hands

The Praying Hands

Emperor
Maximilian I

Emperor Maximilian one

the
Lamentation

Lamentation

The Artist's
Father

The Artist's Father

Self-portrait
at Twenty Two

Self-portrait at Twenty Two

Hieronymus
Holzschuher

Hieronymus Holzschuher

jacob
muffel

jacob muffel

Philip
Apostle

Apostle Philip

Saint
Jerome

Saint Jerome

Durer's
Father

Durer's Father at Seventy

Elector Frederick
the Wise of Saxony

Elector Frederick the Wise of Saxony

The Suicide
of Lucrezia

The Suicide of Lucrezia

Sylvan Men-with
Heraldic Shields

Sylvan Men-with Heraldic Shields

A
Man

A Man

Bernhard
von Reesen

Bernhard von Reesen

Burkard
von Speyer

Burkard von Speyer

Man with Baret
and Scroll

Man with Baret and Scroll

Young Venetian
Woman

Young Venetian Woman

Jakob Fugger
the Wealthy

Jakob Fugger the Wealthy

Oswolt
Krel

Oswolt Krel

Mary
Praying

Mary Praying

Madonna
and Child

Madonna and Child with the Pear

Saint Anne with the
Virgin and Child

Saint Anne with the Virgin and Child

Virgin and Child
before an Archway

Virgin and Child before an Archway

Adam
and Eve

Adam and Eve

Paumgartner
Altar

Paumgartner Altar

Emperor
Charlemagne

Emperor Charlemagne and Emperor Sigismund

The Jabach
Altarpiece

The Jabach Altarpiece

Christ as the
Man of Sorrows

Christ as the Man of Sorrows

Head of
a Stag

Head of a Stag

The
Lobster

Lobster

View of
Arco

View of Arco

The Wire-
drawing Mill

The Wire-drawing Mill

Willow
Mill

Willow Mill

Innsbruck Castle
Courtyard

Innsbruck Castle Courtyard

Lamentation
of Christ

Lamentation of Christ

Lot
Fleeing

Lot Fleeing with his Daughters from Sodom

Saint
Jerome

Saint Jerome in the Wilderness

The Seven
Sorrows

The Seven Sorrows of the Virgin