Thomas Eakins

1844-1916 America-Realism

 

Brief Biography-Thomas Eakins was born in Philadelphia. His first lessons in drawing were at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts before he took up studying anatomy, he also had an interest in photography. He was admitted to the Ecole Des Beaux Arts in Paris in 1866 where he studied for three years under Jean-Léon Gérôme. In a trip to Spain he was influenced by the works of Diego Velazquez and Francisco de Goya.
When he returned to Philadelphia he undertook anatomy classes again at the Jefferson Medical Centre. In 1873, he was appointed Professor of Painting and Director of the Schools at the Pennsylvania Academy, during this time, he married one of his students Susan Hannah MacDowell who also became a successful artist.
In 1886, he was asked to resign from the academy for using a male nude model in class and was dismissed from the Drexel Institute for a similar reason. Those events had a negative effect on his health and he retreated to Dakota where he recuperated for a summer period, painting cowboy scenes.
He favoured the style of realism, possibly due to his interest in anatomy and may have been influenced by the academicism of Jean-Léon Gérôme. Two of his many successful followers were Thomas Anshutz and Robert Henri.
His most famous painting is ‘The Gross Clinic’ depicting dissection, it currently hangs in the Philadelphia Museum.

 

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The Chess Players

The Chess Players

The Gross Clinic

The Gross Clinic

The Agnew Clinic

The Agnew Clinic

Amelia Van Buren

Amelia Van Buren

Sailboats Racing

Sailboats Racing on Delaware

Starting out

Starting out after Rain

Max Schmitt

Max Schmitt in a Single Scull

Ashbury W Lee

Ashbury W Lee

Between Rounds

Between Rounds

Baby Playing

Baby Playing on the Floor

Landscape

Landscape

Transportation

Transportation

Salutat

Salutat

The Studio

The Darkness of the Studio

William Rush

William Rush and his Model

Maud Cook

Maud Cook