Caspar David Friedrich

1774-1840 Germany Romanticism

 

Brief Biography-Caspar David Friedrich was born in the town of Greifswald. His father who was a successful candle maker was a zealous protestant who brought his nine children up in a very strict manner. Caspar was deeply affected by a few deaths in the family during his youth. His mother died when he was seven and two of his sisters died before his brother tragically drowned trying to save him during a skating accident.
He was first tutored by the artist Johann Gottfried Quistorp who encouraged him to concentrate on landscape painting. In 1794, he entered the Copenhagen Academy but he wasn’t too impressed by the strict academic approach to painting there. He went to Dresden in 1798 where he lived for the remainder of his life and never ventured outside Germany again. The Dresden Romantics group influenced his train of thought; they were the first to use the term Romanticism.
In 1803, he is said to have attempted suicide through depression which turned him into a sombre man thereafter. However, his works became well recognized now and he made a relatively good living. In 1805, he won an award presented by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe for sepia paintings in his annual art competition in Weimar
His standing was boosted somewhat when his paintings, Abbey in the Oakwoods and Monk by the Sea were purchased by the Prussian Crown Prince who made him a member of the Berlin Academy in 1810. He gained a stipend from the Dresden Academy and was married in 1818. The Norwegian artist Johann Christian Dahl became a good friend of his and lived in the same house in Dresden.
In his later years, his health failed gradually and in 1825 he had the first of several strokes. By the time, he died in 1840 he was sadly a forgotten artist.

 

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Winter Landscape

Winter Landscape

Landscape

Figures in an Extensive Landscape at Sunset

The Monk

The Monk by the Sea

Sea Shore

Sea Shore in Moonlight

Heroes' Graves

Old Heroes' Graves

Abbey-Oakwoods

Abby in the Oakwoods

View of a Harbour

View of a Harbour

Contemplating

Contemplating the Moon

Graveyard

Graveyard Under Snow

Chalk Cliffs on Rugen

Chalk Cliffs on Rugen

Moonrise

Moonrise over the sea

Greifwald Harbour

Greifwald Harbour

Evening

Evening

Village Landscape

Village Landscape in Morning Light

In his Studio

Caspar David Friedrich in his Studio

The Large Enclosure

The Large Enclosure near Dresden

The Cross

The Cross Beside The Baltic

Cemetery Entrance

Cemetery Entrance

The Watzmann

The Watzmann

Woman at Window

Woman At Window

Morning

Morning

Riesengebirge

Morning in Riesengebirge

Wanderer

Wanderer above the Mists

The Giant Mountains

The Giant Mountains

Sisters on a Balcony

isters on a Balcony

Stages of Life

Stages of Life

Morning by the sea

Morning by the sea

Artic Shipwreck

Artic Shipwreck

Setting Sun

Woman in the Setting Sun

Ruins of Eldena

Ruins of Eldena Abbey

Oak Tree

Oak Tree in the Snow

The Cross

Tetschen Altar The Cross in the Mountains

stop at the harvest

stop at the hay harvest