Gauguin Paul

1848-1903 France Post-Impressionism-Cloisonnism

 

Brief Biography-Paul Gauguin was born in Paris in 1848, a year later his father, Clovis decided to head for Lima, Peru, where his wife’s family hailed from. Clovis was a journalist of the radical type, he was unhappy with the rise to power of Louis Napoleon that year. Unfortunately, Clovis died on the journey to Peru, his wife Aline and the children took refuge with her uncle in Lima. They returned to Orleans in France after six years. At the age of seventeen Paul joined the merchant navy and went on to serve his time in the military navy. His mother died whilst he was at sea, however she had arranged for him to be looked after by a banker friend. The banker got him work as a stockbroker, thereafter he got married in 1873 and settled down with five children.
He took up painting as a hobby and received some lessons from Camille Pissarro. He got to know other impressionists of the day and he began to exhibit his own works. With the advent of a stock market downturn in 1883 and his ability to sell paintings, he went as a professional painter.
Due to the recession, his venture failed and his wife decided they should leave for Denmark. There he had no success and he returned to France, bringing with him only his six-year-old son Clovis. He went through extreme hardships in France, and in desperation he travelled to Panama. There he laboured on digging the canal for a short spell before illness drove him back to France. He struggled to get by with his paintings, and in 1888 he went to Arles with Vincent van Gogh. He had to leave Vincent there because of his insanity and he returned to Paris.
In Paris, his paintings gained a high reputation, however he still struggled financially, this time he left for Tahiti. He managed to stay in Tahiti doing a considerable amount of paintings, until ill health and poverty once again forced him to return to France. His works by now were well received, and he acquired some wealth from an uncle, which gave him the recourse to return to Tahiti in 1895. He did numerous paintings there but had to resort to doing menial work to survive. He wrote radical articles for a newspaper denouncing colonialism and the Catholic Church. In his last dwellings in the Marquesas Islands he was sentenced to imprisonment for defamation, however, he died awaiting the appeal in 1903.

 

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Landscape

Landscape on La Dominique

Night Cafe at Arles

Night Cafe at Arles

Mette Gauguin

Mette Gauguin

The Siesta

The Siesta

Watermill

Watermill in Pont-Aven

Maternity

Maternity

Arearea

Arearea

A Woman

A woman

Day of the God

Day of the God

Breasts

Breasts and Red Flowers

Spirit of the Dead

Spirit of the Dead Watching

Three Puppies

Puppies

Annah

Annah the Javanese

Vison

Vision after sermon

Yellow Christ

Yellow Christ

Be in Love

Be in Love you Shall be Happy

Breton Bather

Breton Bather

Garden of Olives

Christ in the Garden of Olives

Cruel Tales

Cruel Tales-Exotic Saying

Riders

Riders on the Beach

Hut Under Palms

Hut Under Palms

Japanese Woodcut

Still-Life with Japanese Woodcut

Les Alyscamps

Les Alyscamps

Garden

Garden in Vaugirard

Tahitian Women

Tahitian Women on the Beach

Self-portrait

Self-portrait

Still-Life with Fruit

Still-Life with Fruit and Lemons

Moon and the Earth

The Moon and the Earth

The Rare te Oviri

The Rare te Oviri

Seed of the Areoi

The Seed of the Areoi#

The Swineherd

The Swineherd Brittany

Sorcerer

The Sorcerer of Hiva Oa


Where Do We Come

Where Do We Come

Woman with a Flower

Woman with a Flower