Francisco de Goya

1746-1828 Spain-Romanticism

 

Brief Biography-Francisco de Goya y Lucientes was born in the remote village of Fuendetodos, Spain. At the age of fourteen he studied under José Luzán in the town of Saragossa he became acquainted with the artist Francisco Bayeu y Subías who later worked in the court of Madrid, Goya joined him in his atelier there. Unable to enter the Academy of Art in Madrid, he went to Italy where he achieved success in Parma. When he returned to Spain he married Bayeu’s sister and subsequently worked under Bayeu and the German artist Anton Raffael Mengs. In 1785, he was made Deputy Director of Painting at the Madrid Academy and under Charles IV he became a royal painter, becoming First painter to the King in 1799. By this time, through a serious illness, he had lost his hearing and it changed his style of painting. This did not affect him receiving many portrait commissions for aristocrats. In 1808, Napoleon’s brother Joseph became ruler of Spain, however Goya remained court painter and the subsequent riots led Goya to do a series of works depicting the atrocities committed. He was bestowed with the Royal Order of Spain, a medal he never wore, this enabled him to be in good favour when King Ferdinand VII was restored to the throne in 1814. He retired as court painter a year later and was awarded a pension by the king, however he continued to paint, this was the period of his ‘black paintings’, imaging much suffering in many of them. Due to further political unrest, he eventually settled in Bordeaux to live with his mistress Leocadia Weiss and their two children, his wife had passed away in 1812. He died from a stroke in Bordeaux in 1828.

 

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Charge of Mamelukes

Charge of Mamelukes

Charles the IV

Charles the Fourth Family

Saturn Devouring

Saturn Devouring one of his Sons

Third of May 1808

Third of May 1808

Colossus

Colossus


The Great He Goat

he Great He Goat

Witches Sabbath

Witches' Sabbath

Witches in the Air

Witches in the Air


Clothed Maja

Clothed Maja

Maria Luisa of Parma

Maria Luisa of Parma


Maja

Maja

Dona de Porcel

Dona Isabel de Porcel

Ct of Floridablanca

Count of Floridablanca

Mariano Goya

Mariano Goya

Manuel de Zunica

Don Manuel Osorio Manrique de zunica

At One Time

At One Time and Now

Duchess of Alba

Duchess of Alba

Duchess

Duchess of Alba and the Blessed

Boys Playing Soldiers

Boys Playing Soldiers


Atropos or the Fates

Atropos or the Fates

Charles IV

Charles the fourth of Spain

Lunatics

Courtyard with Lunatics

Dead Birds

Dead Birds

Dead Turkey

Dead Turkey

Dog

Dog

Sebastian Gabrie-

Sebastian Gabriel de Brobon y Braganza

Guillemardet

Ferdinand Guillemardet

Francisco Cabarrus

Francisco Cabarrus

M de Jovellanos

Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos

Goja Pupa

Goja Pupa

Heads

Heads in a Landscape

Fools

House of Fools

Joaquina

Joaquina Tellez-Giron Marchioness of Santa Cruz

Jose Alvarez

Jose Alvarez de Toledo Duke of Alba

Jose Costa

Jose Costa and Bonells

Lazarillo

Lazarillo de Tormes

Maja and Matchmaker

Maja and Matchmaker on a Balcony

Maria de Borbon

Maria Teresa de Borbon y Vallabriga fifteenth Countess of Chinchon

Naufragio

Naufragio


San Isidro

Pilgrimage to San Isidro

Self Portrait

Self Portrait

Plucked Turkey

Still life Plucked Turkey and Pan Fish

The Burial

The Burial of the Sardine

Head of Lamb

Still life with Head of Lamb and Ribs

The Blind Hen

The Blind Hen

The Bullfight

The Bullfight

Still life

Still life with Fruit Bottles and Bread

The Cacharrero

The Cacharrero

Carcass of Brebeuf

Carcass of the Jesuit Brebeuf

Death of the Picador

The Death of the Picador

The Inquisition

The Inquisition

Duke of Osuna

The Family of the Duke of Osuna

The Last Communion

The last communion of Saint Joseph of Calasanz


The Letter-

The Letter with Blood Comes

The Parasol

The Parasol

Wounded Mason

The Wounded Mason

Women and Children

Women and Two Children by a Fountain

Victor Anibal-

Victor Anibal Includes Italy from the Alps

Victor Guye

Victor Guye

Two Old Men Eating-

Two Old Men Eating a Soup

Ferdinand VII

Family

Family

The Wedding

The Wedding

el conde del tajo

el conde del tajo