Mathis (Gothardt/Neithard) Grünewald

1474-1528 Germany-Renaissance

 

Brief Biography-Mathis (Gothardt/Neithard) Grünewald was born in Würzburg in 1474. The name Grünewald was accidentally attributed to him by Joachim von Sandrart, the art historian; his real name was Gothardt, he had an adopted son called Neithard. Holbein the Elder tutored him in Augsburg. He later made a connection with the Archbishop of Mainz as an engineer and artist, he became court painter to Archbishop Uriel von Gemmingen and was appointed to do engineering works on his palace. He went on to paint the Isenheim Altarpiece for the Antonite Abbey in Alsace; it was commissioned by the Antonite Order to help plague victims get protection from the saints depicted, he finished the altarpiece in 1515. The new archbishop, Albrecht of Brandenburg kept Mathis working for many years. At the coronation of Emperor Charles V, he met Albrecht Dürer who bestowed gifts on him in appreciation of his works. It was not long after this encounter that Mathis turned to Lutheranism. After the peasant's revolt of 1525, he was dismissed by the archbishop for being a sympathiser, and he fled to Frankfurt. Grünewald endured a meagre existence in Frankfurt but retreated to Halle and worked as an engineer for a Lutheran magistrate. He died of the plague in 1528 and buried in an unknown grave outside the town walls.

 

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The
Disputation

Disputation of Saint Erasmus and saint Maurice

The Mocking
of Christ

The Mocking of Christ

Christ Bearing
the Cross

Christ Bearing the Cross

The
Crucifixion

Crucifixion

The Isenheim
Alterpiece

Isenheim Altarpiece

Making
Music

Angels Making Music

Meeting of
St Anthony

The Meeting of Saint Anthony Abbot and Saint Paul

The
Resurrection

The resurrection

Virgin and
Child

Virgin and Child

The
Temptation

The temptation of saint anthony

The
Annunciation

The Annunciation

Benefactor
with Cage

Benefactor with Bird Cage

Establishment
of the Santa-

Establishment of the Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome


Lamentation
of Christ

Lamentation of Christ

The
Madonna

The Stuppach Madonna