Francisco de Holanda

1515-1584 Portugal/Renaissance

 

Brief Biography-Francisco de Holanda the illuminator was born in Lisbon. He was the son and pupil of Antonio de Holanda who was a royal illuminator. Francisco was employed by King John III of Portugal to illuminate books in his library. His method of placing colours excelled that of his father, this encouraged the King to send him to Italy to further his skills. In Italy, he became acquainted with notable artists such as the Croatian illuminator Giulio Clovio, the poet Vittoria Colonna, the sculptor Baccio Bandinelli, the painters Pierino del Vaga, Parmigianino and Sebastiano del Piombo. He also gained friendship with Michelangelo who influenced him greatly. He returned to Portugal in 1548 and wrote an account of his experiences with the arts for the King. In the library of the Escorial in Spain, there is a manuscript by him with illuminations of the King, including Michelangelo and drawings of Italian views. He worked on for King John III and later for King Sebastian. He was also a historian and architect. He died in Lisbon in 1584.

 

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Colour plates from the Aetatibus Mundi Imagines National Library of Spain

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