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Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

1780-1867 France/Neoclassicism

 

Brief Biography-Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres was born in the town of Montauban, South-West France. His father was a sculptor and dabbled in small portraits; he began Jean's tuition before moving to Toulouse to enter him into the Arts Academy there. Apart from painting, Jean became an accomplished violinist, which he played all of his life.
In 1796, he went to Paris with a letter of introduction from his school, which gained him entry into the studio of Jacques-Louis David, where he trained alongside Antoine-Jean Gros. He entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1799, and in 1801 he won the Prix de Rome. However, because of the economic climate in France, it was 1806 before he went to Rome. While his works received criticism back in Paris, he had a fruitful career in Rome. He was very impressed by the Italian Masters, Raphael, having the foremost influence on him. After his four-year term, he remained in Rome, and he made a decent living doing portraits of notables; however, works he sent back to Paris got heavily criticized.
In 1813 he was married, through an arrangement with a lady from his home town whom he had never met, it turned out to be a successful marriage. In 1814 Napoleon was defeated in Italy, Jean's clientele slowly departed, and his wife became ill. He had to scrape a living by sketching tourists in Rome. It was a painful period for him. His paintings, including the Grande Odalisque, were generally rejected in Paris. He moved to Florence in 1820, where he continued with portraiture. In 1824, he went to Paris with his painting "The Vow of Louis XIII," which fortunately got exhibited alongside an out of favour Eugène Delacroix. Jean's art suddenly became a profound success in the salon. He received the Légion d'Honneur and was elected professor at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1829, later becoming its president. Ingres ran a successful studio during this time, acquiring prestigious commissions. In 1834, however, the salon wrongly rejected a significant commission at the salon, and he departed for Rome once again, where he became a prominent Director of the French Academy.
He returned to Paris in 1841, and by this time, he had gained high esteem. His wife died in 1849, and he remarried in 1852. There always remained animosity between him and Delacroix; however, Ingres proved to be ahead of Delacroix's esteem as his superior at the Academy. He died in Paris at the age of 86. Many of his works are on view in the Musée Ingres in his home town of Montauban.

 

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Death of
Leonardo da Vinci

Death of Leonardo da Vinci

Baronne de
Rothschild

Baronne de Rothschild

Madame P
Moitessier

Madame Paul-Sigisbert Moitessier

The Apotheosis
of Homer

The Apotheosis of Homer

Madame
de Senonnes

Madame de Sononnes

As First
Consul

Bonaparte as First Consul

Sword of
Henry

Sword of Henry the Fourth

Napoloen
One

Napoloen One on Imperial Throne

Countess de
Haussonville

Countess de Haussonville

Roger Freeing
Angelica

Roger Freeing angelica

Dream of
Ossian

Dream of Ossian

Turkish
Bath

Turkish Bath

Monsieur
Bertin

Monsieur Bertin

Count
Gurjev

Count Gurjev


Grand
Odalisque

Grang Odalisque

Toledo Kissing
sword of Henry

Don Pedro of Toledo Kissing sword of Henri the Fourth

Princess
de Brogile

Princess de Brogile

Francois-Marius
Granet

Francois-Marius Granet

Henry IV
of France

Henry Ifour of France Playing with his Children

Joan of Arc at
the Coronation

Joan of Arc at the Coronation of Charles seven

The
Source

The Source

The
Bather

The Bather

Jupiter
and Thetis

Jupiter and Thetis

A
Man

A Man

Mademoiselle
Jeanne-Suzanne

Mademoiselle Jeanne-Suzanne-Catherine Gonin

Madame Marie
Marcotte

Madame Marie Marcotte

Marcotte
d'Argenteuil

Marcotte d'Argenteuil

Martyr of Saint
Symphorien

Martyr of Saint-Symphorien

Napoleons'
Apotheosis

Napoleon's Apotheosis

Odalisque
with a Slave

Odalisque with a Slave

Self-
portrait

Self-portrait

Pierre-F
Bernier

Pierre-Francois Bernier

Raphael and
the Fornarina

Raphael and the Fornarina

Oedipus and
the Sphinx

Oedipus and the Sphinx

The Envoys of
Agammemnon

The Envoys of Agammemnon

The Vow of
Louis XIII

The Vow of Louis thirteen


Venus

Venus


Romulus

Romulus