Paul, Herman and Jean Limbourg

c. 1370-1416 Netherlands/Northern Renaissance

 

Brief Biography-The Limbourg Brothers, Herman, Jean and Paul were all illuminators who had first trained as goldsmiths. Their father Arnold van Limbourg, was a wood sculptor from Nijmegen and their uncle, Jean Malouel, was court painter to the Duke of Burgundy, Philip the Bold. The brothers worked in Paris for the Duke, and when he died, they worked for his brother, the Duc de Berry. They illuminated the Duke’s “books of hours”, which were his personal prayer books, and are regarded as their most outstanding works. Paul is said to have travelled to Italy on a study trip in 1412, before starting on their next assignment, the “Very Rich Hours of the Duke of Berry”.

All Three brothers died suddenly of an epidemic in 1416, along with the Duc de Berry. The “Beautiful Hours” book is held at the Cloisters, New York and the “Very Rich Hours of the Duke of Berry” is held at the Château de Chantilly, France. A French miniature painter, Jean Colombe, put the finishing touches to the latter manuscript in 1485.

 

Click an Image to Enlarge


January

January


February

February


March

March


April

April


May

May


June

June


July

July


August

August


September

September


October

October


November

November


December

December

adoration
of god

adoration of god

adoration of the
throne of grace

adoration of the throne of grace

the beautiful hours
of jean duke of berry

the beautiful hours of jean duke of berry

the belles heures of
jean duke of berry

the belles heures of jean duke of berry

the little heurs of
duke jean de berry

the little heurs of duke jean de berry

the rich hours of
the duke of berry

the rich hours of the duke of berry

the very rich hours
of the duke of berry

the very rich hours of the duke of berry

The Meeting of
the Magi

The Meeting of the Magi

The Torments
of Hell

The Torments of Hell

The Fall and
the Expulsion

The Fall and the Expulsion from Paradise

The Very Rich Hours of the Duke of Berry

The Very Rich Hours of the Duke of Berry-Astrological Man