José de Ribera

1591-1652 Spain/Baroque-Tenebrism

 

Brief Biography-José de Ribera, sometimes known as 'Lo Spagnoletto' the Little Spaniard, was regarded as a disciple of Caravaggio. He moved from Spain to Italy after studying under Francesco Ribalta in Valencia, both artists hailed from the region of Valencia. Ribera may have been influenced by the tenebrous style of Ribalta however, it was most certainly reinforced later by the works of Caravaggio. The first place he lived was Parma where he was strongly influenced by the works of Correggio. From there he went to Rome where he changed his style completely to that of Caravaggio.

In 1616 he went to Naples where he married and settled for the rest of his life. He became a notably successful artist with the aid of his Spanish connections in the city, as they were the rulers of Naples at that period, his main employer was the Viceroy.

It was stated by Joachim von Sandrart that the painting of Ixion on the Wheel, which was owned by Mr Ussel of Amsterdam, depicted so much agony when his wife, who was with child when she saw it, that the baby when born, had all its fingers distorted as were the fingers of Ixion in the painting, on that account, they sent the painting back to Italy.

Ribera became the principal instigator of the Cabal of Naples, who were a group that protected the city’s workplace for Neapolitan artists only, through the intimidation of outsiders. During the revolt against the rule of Habsburg Spain in Naples in 1647 he moved from his home to a house of refuge where his work diminished and he died in relative poverty. His works influenced several artists including the Spanish artists Diego Velázquez and Esteban Murillo.

 

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a jesuit
missionary

a jesuit missionary

adoration of the
shepherds

adoration of the shepherds

an old money
lender

an old money lender


archimedes

archimedes


aristotle

aristotle

assumption of the
magdalena

assumption of the magdalena

christ among the
doctors

christ among the doctors


clubfooted boy

clubfooted boy


diogenes

diogenes

duel of isabella de
carazzi

duel of isabella de carazzi and diambra de pottinella


ecce homo

ecce homo


ecce homo two

ecce homo two

head of saint john
the baptist

head of saint john the baptist

hercules
at rest

hercules at rest[


ixion

ixion[


landscape with
shepherds

landscape with shepherds

martyrdom of saint
andrew

martyrdom of saint andrew


saint andrew

saint andrew

saint francis
of paola

saint francis of paola


saint giuseppe

saint giuseppe

saint jerome and
the angel

saint jerome and the angel


saint jerome

saint jerome

saint john the
baptist in the desert

saint john the baptist in the desert


saint onufri

saint onufri

saint sebastian
tended

saint sebastian tended by the holy women

sense of
taste

sense of taste

the bearded
woman

the bearded woman

the denial of
saint peter

the denial of saint peter

the holy
family

the holy family

the philosopher
thales

the philosopher thales