Dante Gabriel Rossetti

1828-1882 England-Romanticism (Pre-Raphaelite)

 

Brief Biography-Dante Gabriel (Charles) Rossetti was first a poet up until the age of nineteen. He was born in Portland Place, London, one of four children of a literary family whose parents were from Italy. His father was a professor of Languages at King's College. After three years at a drawing academy, he entered the Royal Academy in 1845. He was not impressed by the academic learning of both schools and spent time with Ford Madox Brown, but was disappointed with his academic teaching.
At the academy, he befriended John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt who were of a similar mindset regarding the academy. In 1848, with the addition of four other artists, the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was born. The Brotherhood received intense criticism when the art world realised their disregard for the extremity in which the establishment held Raphael. Ironically, the publicity their critics created, ultimately led to a degree of success. Rossetti, however, was disheartened by the criticism and the Brotherhood eventually broke up.
He settled in Chatham Place, Blackfriars and with the help of John Ruskin, he sold paintings privately. In 1860, he married Elizabeth Siddal; she had been a model for Millais and was his 'Ophelia'. Rossetti was obsessed with painting her, and she features in many of his most noted paintings. Two years later she died, and he was so upset he buried her with all of his poems.
After a failed venture, painting the Oxford Union debating hall with other artists, he settled in Chelsea. Here he engaged in the act of collecting curiosities which appear in many of his works. For health reasons, he visited Scotland, where he took to writing more poetry. He exhumed his old poems from Lizzie's grave and had them published. They were a success; however, he received scathing criticism on morality which led to his depression. He fell very ill in 1877 but continued to write, and he published 'Poems and Ballads' which was also a success. In 1881, he had a stroke and became somewhat paralysed, a year later he died while convalescing at Birchington-On-Sea where he rests.

 

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The Wedding

The Wedding of Saint George and Princess Sabra

Monna

Monna Vanna

The Girlhood

Girlhood of Mary Virgin

Tune of Seven

The Tune of Seven Towers

Astarte Syrica

Astarte Syrica

Beatrix

Beata Beatrix

Annunciation

The Annunciation

The Bower

The Bower Meadow

The Beloved

The Beloved

Fiammetta

A Vision of Fiammetta

Baciata

Bocca Baciata

Found

Found

Sir Galahad-

How Sir Galahad Sir Bors and Sir Percival were fed with the Sanc Grael

Lady-Lilith

Lady-Lilith

Monna Rosa

Monna Rosa

Roman Widow

Roman Widow

Proserpine

Proserpine

Pia de Tolomei

Pia de Tolomei

Damozel

The Blessed Damozel