Joshua Reynolds

1723-1792 England-Rococo

 

Brief Biography-Sir Joshua Reynolds was born in Plympton, Devonshire. His father, the Rev Samuel Reynolds, wanted him to do medicine; however, because of his early love of art, he assigned him to the portraitist Thomas Hudson in London for tuition in 1740. The works of Allan Ramsay, William Hogarth and Hudson to a minor extent, influenced him somewhat. He stayed with Hudson for three years before returning to Plympton where he established himself as a portraitist and received several commissions.
In 1743, back in London, he was presented to Commodore Keppel, who arranged for him to travel on his vessel to Rome via Lisbon. In Italy, he visited Livorno, Venice and Florence; there the Italian Great Masters impressed him much. In Rome, he collaborated with several other English artists, Richard Wilson and John Astley amongst them. He stayed in Rome for two years.
He returned to London via a short stay in Paris and three months in Devonshire in 1752. In London, he became successful as a portrait painter in the Grand Style, a style he vigorously instilled in his many pupils. His income was to reach six thousand a year which enabled him to amass a considerable art collection. He was a member of several gentlemen's clubs, one being the Society of Dilettanti which allowed him membership as he had been on a Grand Tour to Italy, it was a requirement of membership. The club supported the arts and helped create the Royal Academy. In 1768, the new Royal Academy made him the first President, and in 1769, he received a Knighthood. He exhibited many of his paintings at the Academy on an annual basis. In 1781, he visited Holland, where the style of Rubens was to influence him greatly.
He spent his last years in 47 Leicester Fields, where he wrote his ledgers, which are inventories of his commissions, that still exist. During these years he painted what he referred to in Thomas Gainsborough's works as fancy paintings, a style of genre paintings depicting daily life scenes.
In 1789, his eyesight began to fail, and he virtually stopped painting, he did, however, continue his work as President of the Academy. He became very unwell in 1791 and died a year later. His remains lie in the crypt of Saint Paul's Cathedral. Sir Joshua Reynolds is to this day one of the most celebrated British artists.

 

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G Townshend

George Townshend

Parody

Parody of School of Athens

Colonel Acland-

Colonel Acland and Lord Sydney-The Archers

Charles Coote

Charles Coote First Earl of Bellamont

Com Keppel

Commodore Keppel

Mrs Musters

Mrs Musters as Hebe

Capt Robert Orme

Captain  Robert Orme

G Coussmaker

George Coussmaker Grenadier Guards

Continence

C ontinence of Scipio

Nelly O'Brien

Nelly O'Brien

George Clive

George Clive and Family with Indian maid

Lady Sunderlin

Lady Sunderlin

Countess

Countess of Dartmouth

Cupid as link boy

Cupid

King Lear

King Lear

Adorning a Term-

Adorning a Term of Hymen

General Tarleton

General Banastre Tarleton

Garrick

Garrick Between Tragedy and Comedy

John Parker

John Parker and his sister Theresa

Mercury

Mercury as Cut Purse

Duke

Fourth Duke of Marlborough and Family

Lady Cockburn

Lady Cockburn and Sons

Holding Grapes

Boy Holding a Bunch of Grapes

Venus Chiding

Venus Chiding Cupid

The Brown Boy

Master Thomas Lister The Brown Boy

Master T Lister

Master Thomas Lister

John the Baptist

Saint John the Baptist in the Wildernes

Elizabeth Delme

Elizabeth Delme and Children

The Roffey Family

The Roffey Family

Lady Caroline Scot

Lady Caroline Scot

Infant Samuel

The Infant Samuel

Susanna Beckford

Susanna Beckford

Lady Caroline

Lady Caroline Howard

Lord Heathfield

Lord Heathfield

Lord Keppel

Lord Keppel

Commodore

Commodore the Honourable August Keppel

Lady Smith

Lady Smith and Her Children

lamb children

the lamb children

maria marow gideon

maria marow gideon and her brother william

duke of gloucester

the duke of gloucester as a boy

george greville

portrait of george greville later second earl of warwick

master bunbury

portrait of master bunbury